The Democratic Party
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the younger Republican Party. Tracing its origins back to the Democratic-Republican Party, the modern Democratic Party was founded around 1828. There have been 15 Democratic presidents, the first being Andrew Jackson, who served from 1829 to 1837; the most recent is the current president, Barack Obama, who has served since 2009.
Since the 1930s, the party has promoted a social-liberal platform, supporting a mixed economy and social justice. The party's philosophy of contemporary American liberalism has its origins in left-of-center liberalism, which seeks to create a mixed economy by providing government intervention and regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as universal healthcare, social programs, equal opportunity, labor protections, environmental protection, and regulation on big business, form the party's economic policy basis. Until the late 20th century the party had a powerful conservative and populist wing based in the rural South, which over time has greatly diminished. Today its Congressional caucus is composed mostly of progressives and centrists.
In the 114th Congress, following the 2014 elections, the Democratic Party will hold a minority of seats in the House of Representatives as well as in the United States Senate. The party also holds a minority of state governors and control of a minority of state legislatures.
Democratic Party Links:
Main Page: http://www.democrats.org/
House Democratic Caucus: http://www.dems.gov/
Senate Democrats: http://democrats.senate.gov/